In any kind of swimming, the start has one of the main roles. Timely and properly executed start helps the athlete to gain the optimal initial speed, which ultimately can affect the result of the entire swim.
The start can be performed from a special pedestal, which is typical for styles such as breaststroke, butterfly, and chest crawl. The start of the swim, carried out directly from the water, is practiced in types of backstroke (crawl on the back).
Starting from the bedside table: technique of execution
In this type of start, the following stages are distinguished:
1. Starting position. The swimmer needs to stand on the edge of the support from behind and after the first command move to the front edge, grabbing it with his toes. Feet should be shoulder-width apart, knees bent at an angle of 30-40 degrees. The body should be tilted slightly forward, the muscles in the legs should be tightened, and the head should be lowered.
2. Pulling and pushing off. After the start signal, the athlete should stretch his body and move forward, breaking away from the edge of the bollard. The forward movement is done with the hands.
3. Flight. After pushing off the bollard, the swimmer’s body starts flying in an erect position. After the peak flight point is passed, the body flexes, the hind legs are slightly raised, which allows you to create a smooth entrance to the water surface.
4. Entering the water. At the moment of entering the water, the athlete’s head is located between his arms, while the legs are straightened, the feet are extended.
5. Glide. As soon as the swimmer plunges into the water, his body begins to slide until the speed drops to the set rate.
6. Getting out of the water. In the crawl and butterfly, the legs must be moved until the required speed is reached. To bring the body to the water surface, you should perform two movements, reminiscent of the swimming style of dolphins, and a stroke of sufficient power.
It is worth noting that the athletics start has one difference in the initial position: one leg should be placed forward, the other slightly backward, while the body also tilts back and the head falls.
Start from the water. Sequence of execution
Start is as follows:
1. Starting pose. The athlete’s face is turned to the side, hands are held on a special fence. The legs at this moment are in the water, they are bent. The swimmer’s feet should rest against the pool wall. After the start signal, the athlete pulls himself up to the fence with his head lowered and his arms bent at the elbow.
2. Take-off. After the second whistle, the swimmer pushes off the side, releases his arms and carries them above the head, legs straighten.
3. Flight. The head is thrown back, the athlete brings his arms over it, the legs are straightened, and the feet are stretched. To break away from the water surface, you need to bend well in the back. It will also help improve your airspeed rating.
4. Entering the water. The athlete straightens and stretches his arms, placing his head between them. The legs are straightened, the feet should be pulled.
5. Slides under the water surface. After entering, the athlete performs dolphin-like movements to slide in the water. Reaching the surface, you should begin active work with the hind limbs. 6. Floating to the surface. Coming out of the water, the swimmer takes a paddle and pulls his hand.