Professionals claim that the best places in the ranking and in competitions are taken by those swimmers who use the starting technique well. Often the decisive seconds are the seconds just after the sound signal of the start of movement. The timeliness and correctness of his movements depends on the discipline and readiness of the athlete, so that, most importantly, calmness and self-confidence.

Basic crawl starting positions on the chest

On the pedestal, the legs should be bent at the knees at an angle of about 140 degrees, the feet should be shoulder-width apart, the toes should hold the edge of the stand to the side of the feet or in front between them. The head is tilted, the breath should be held. In this position, the head and shoulder girdle is slightly in front of the knees. The center of gravity must be redirected to the front of both feet. Concentration will help the athlete at any time at the start signal.

Consider the correct algorithm for the start technique in crawl swimming:

  • jump ;
  • flight ;
  • entering the water;
  • sliding under water;
  • reaching the water surface .

Jump. At the signal, the swimmer presses on the edge of the installation with his hands. He makes a swing with his arms, a push with his legs and powerfully sends the whole body forward and up. You need to jump very quickly, while sending your torso, head, arms along the most favorable trajectory.


Flight phase. The beginning occurred when the effort of the unbending legs gave a break from the curbstone. You need to stretch the body: arms in front, head between them, body leans forward and downward as you draw a line of motion for the athlete in flight. At the end of this phase, the torso bends slightly at the hips. Not worth it forget about hands. They should, as it were, “cut” the water at one point, therefore pull them out in the correct position.


Entering the water . The beginning of this stage is by touching the water with your hands. The whole body should enter, as it were, the same place: fingers, hands, head, stomach, thigh, legs, feet. The main thing here is not to slow down and ensure yourself a minimum of physical resistance.

Glide underwater . Occurs from the moment the swimmer’s feet are in the water. The average depth is 0.7 – 1.1 m. The body is straight, the shoulders are narrowed, the arms are in front, the palms are in a crawl-like position, the head is between the arms. The maximum speed is achieved by moving the legs like swimming dolphins.


Exit to the smooth surface of the water. It is associated with 1 stroke, which is performed by a crawl with one hand, while the other arm is extended and cuts the counter resistance of the water. The legs are in constant vigorous movement, the shoulders and head of the swimmer are exposed to the air. You need to hold your breath, look forward and down underwater. It is necessary to get out of the water at high speed. This is achieved through swings that are performed in the rhythm of a six-beat crawl.

старт-кроль-выход и 1 гребок

If you want to swim faster at short distances, practice the skills listed above well. Amateurs and newcomers alike can count on as much as 1-2 seconds to win at a distance of fifty meters. Many professionals, of course, having tried themselves in various techniques, often stop at the track and field start. Which start you choose will be clear only after some time of training: the body and your personality will tell you.

Crawl start technique on the chest

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