Despite the fact that breaststroke is in last place among other types of sports swimming in terms of movement speed, it has the greatest weight in applied swimming. Breaststroke is also used underwater. Its indisputable advantages include quietness, the ability to look around the surface of the water, and swim long distances. As with other chest chest starts, there are some rules for minimizing the loss of speed by the swimmer. To win the coveted fraction of a second from a competitor, sometimes you need to start well. How? Let’s figure it out.
Breaststroke start phases
The athlete’s actions for a confident and quick start of the swim can be divided into:
- starting position. Its purpose consists in the minimum loss of seconds before the initial jump. The feet need to be positioned stable across the width of the hip joints. Toes shouldn’t just touch and grab the end of the curbstone. The slope of the legs can be different, it is individually for each: an average of 130 degrees between the thigh and lower leg is considered the optimal value. The torso is tilted forward, ensuring that center of gravity above the front of the bedside table. Angle between belly and front of thighs also individual – about 30 degrees approximately. The face looks down. Hands occupy a position in front and below or behind and up. This dictates the option of the subsequent swing;
- preparation and repulsion. This stage starts after a sound command. The swimmer’s body moves forward, and the front part of the feet remains in place, while slightly spreading to the sides. Legs need bend about 90 degrees, swing with your hands. The push itself takes place in an instant, when the shoulders and head are positioned in the vector at an angle of 30-35 degrees to smooth surface of the water. The hands should already be moving past the knees. Need fast straighten the legs at the joints and straighten the body, drawing air into the chest. Hands with this they end their swing at the moment of the push. Now only the feet make a break from the previous place;
- flight to the water surface. Legs, the body is extended and moves as would be in an arc, forms a “smooth arch”. The head is between the hands, palms who are looking down. Flight range about 3.6 m;
- entering the water and sliding. Empirically it has been proven that the optimal angle of entry into the water is about 30 degrees. This allows to use the energy and strength of the athlete most efficiently, to accelerate more. Sliding occurs at a depth of about 0.5 m.Head between hands, fingers stretch, tense. Remember the depth can be adjusted by the direction of the body and arms – just physics of the process;
- start of swimming and exit to the surface. For breaststroke according to the rules of tournaments after the previous start stage, the competitor has the right to use only 1 cycle of movements … The main thing is to start sliding movements not earlier than the speed reaches the average swimming speed. At first the speed is very high, and then it will naturally decrease. Standard breaststroke movements ahead of time usually result in a loss of kinetic energy and slowdown.
How the limbs move breaststroke
In breaststroke, the complex of movements includes working and preparatory hand movements. Let’s look at the labor movement first. Bottom the limbs are stretched evenly and closed, palms down. Next step: both lines arms begin to move to the sides and downward, palms turn outward, and hands positioned perpendicular to the swimming vector. The angle between the water surface and hands is about 20 degrees, an important part of the working begins here movement. Hands slightly bent at the elbows, make a back-down movement and in sides, vigorously push the water back with their palms. Labor movement is coming to end when the hands approach or penetrate the area passing through shoulder joints.
Preparatory movement begins by turning the palms towards the body, bending the arms to an angle of 95 degrees. Then the elbows go down and the hands go up to their level along horizontally and slightly protrude forward under the chest. After that, the palms facing inward are directed forward and upward, arms straighten at the elbow joints, and the athlete prepares for a new swing in breaststroke.
Remember focus and concentration of efforts is the key to success in swimming. Let training help you do your starting technique is perfect!